AJ Perez

Frequently asked questions

Physical Readiness Test (PRT) Requirements

Each Cadet must pass the PRT (yearly) before being authorized to attend Trainings (LO, RT or Advanced Trainings) and to be Advanced in Rate. Click this link to download a copy of the PRT Manual. See Page 2 for PRT Passing Criteria Click this link to access the Sea Cadets PRT Exercise Chart with Standards for Gender and Age. Cadets must Pass in order to attend Trainings and to retain their Membership in the Sea Cadets.

NSCC Correspondence Coursework

NEW IN 2020: Cadets will now access all coursework through the Polaris System. Sign into the Quarterdeck to access Polaris. USNSCC Homeport is the hub for all official documents, manuals, training information and resources and is also accessed through the Quarterdeck. Visit Homeport to view the following manuals, which are for the advancement in the NSCC and NLCC: Basic Miltary Requirements (BMR)
Seaman Military Requirements for Petty Officers 3rd and 2nd Class Militatry Requirements for Petty Officer First Class Military Requirements for Chief Petty Officer These additional optional courses are also available at the Homeport Link. Airman Sound-Powered Telephone Talkers' Training Manual Navy Instructional Theory Fireman Seabee Combat Handbook, Volume 1 Tools and Their Uses Seabee Combat Handbook, Volume 2

Promotion and Advancement

A fundamental tennant of the Sea Cadets is constant training. It begins with the coursework and exams that are actual Navy curriculum. The coursework is self paced for the cadets to work on from home. There is also Advanced Training events where cadets will participate hands-on in learning new skills alongside other cadets. The Advanced Trainings can be a local unit training, a regional training, or a national training event. The combination of attending an Advanced Training event, completion of coursework/exams, and successfully passing a Physical Readiness Test are required for rate advancements. Cadets are expected to continually work on the coursework and exams so that they do not fall behind their promotion eligiblity schedule. Cadets should speak with the Training officer at drill for their required coursework or exam material. Advancements - NO EARLY PROMOTIONS. Delays in promotion ceremonies do not affect the actual promotion date recorded in the cadet's service record. Advancements in rate are based on time in rate, successful completion of coursework (correspondence courses and exams), and required trainings. Time in rate begins after official enrollment in the NSCC program. Official enrollment requires a completed application (including medical history and medical exam), payment, processing and receiving your NSCC ID Card from NHQ. Cadet rate begins at E1 (Recruit); Recruits that complete their Basic Military Requirements and have been officially enrolled for 90 days are eligible to be advanced to E2T (T=temporary) in recognition of their motivation. The cadet is then promoted to E2 after they complete Recruit Training. Cadets achieving the rate of Petty Officer (E4) are expected to assume leadership roles within the Unit. These positions include Squad Leader, Division Master-at-Arms, Yeoman, Assistant Division Officer, and Division Officer. There are other roles within the Battalion that they will then rotate to as they receive additional training/experience. Cadets that have achieved E4 and have completed Petty Officer Leadership Academy (POLA) are eligible to attend as staff at Trainings (including Recruit Training). The Commanding Officer of the Training Contingent (COTC) is the selection official for staff cadets. The highest NSCC rates, E6 (Petty Officer First Class) and E7 (Chief Petty Officer) are contingent on the Commanding Officer's Recommendation and National Headquarter Approval. Promotions to these rates are based on cadet's demonstrated diligence in leadership roles, satisfactory academic performance, military bearing, and appropriate conduct.

NSCC Indoctrination

Click this link to download a Powerpoint presentation that briefly introduces cadets to the NSCC, its mission, basic ranks/rates, military courtesies, and expectations. Contains NSCC drug/alcohol policy.

Ribbon & Awards

Ribbons and Appurtenances are awarded on successful completions of approved NSCC trainings and authorized Community Service activities. Verbal authorization from NSCC Instructors/Officers does not constitute approval or authorization. These approvals are processed via the Battalion Chain-of-Command. The easiest way to determine whether you/your cadet has completed an authorized activity is: 1. Orders - If you have a Local Training Order Request (NSCCTNG 003) that is signed by the Training Officer or the COTC (Commanding Officer of the Training Contingent) or the COTC's designee. At the end of most authorized training events, certificates are presented to cadets that have successfully completed the said training event as well. 2. Community Service - Community service must be within the battalion. Use the following links to learn about ribbons and awards that are available to you. Ribbon Chart The ribbon chart will show you a graphic of the sea cadet ribbons. Ribbon Order Checker The ribbon checker will help you put your ribbons in the proper order. Click the link and then select the ribbons you have earned. The checker will generate an image of what order they go in on your ribbon bar.

Uniform Resources

The purpose of the U.S. Naval Sea Cadet Corps Uniform Regulations is to: Provide descriptions of all authorized U.S. Naval Sea Cadet Corps (NSCC) and Navy League Cadet Corps (NLCC) uniforms and components. Provide guidance for prescribing uniform wear in order to present a consistent image across the NSCC. Ensure that NSCC personnel present a proud and professional appearance that will reflect positively on the individual, the NSCC, the maritime services, and the United States. Click this link to view the USNSCC Uniform Regulations. See below for documents and links to useful uniform information. Sea Cadet Rank Insignia (PDF) Placement of Shoulder Flashes, Rank Insignia, Name Tapes, & Military Creases (PDF) Name Tapes for Uniforms (external link) New Female Hair Regulations (PDF) USNSCC Male Grooming Standards (PDF) How to Polish your Boots & Oxfords (external link) How to Tie the Neckerchief (external link) How to Iron the Dress White Uniform (external link) How to Roll NWU Sleeves Up (external link)

How to Pack your Seabag

There is an art to packing a seabag for training. Here are some resources to help. YouTube video (not official, but helpful) How to Pack your Seabag (PDF) You can order an olive green name tape for your cadet or league cadet from 1800Nametapes.com. TIPS & TRICKS (with thanks from the Sacramento Sea Cadets) Follow the diagram to help understand the best way to cram ALL those items on the seabag list. Yes, EVERYTHING on the list is required. Do not pack extra items, they will be confiscated. Do not deviate, if it says non-arisol sunscreen then that is what you will send or it will be confiscated. Packing Tips 1. Roll your t-shirts and underwear instead of folding. Lay item flat, fold once lengthwise then roll up. Use a rubber band to keep it in place. 2. Whatever uniform that is required to wear first when you get there, at the top of your seabag for easy access. 3. Place all shoes and boots at the bottom of your sea bag, they should go in first. Gallon Ziplock Bags Talk about a life saver. Organizing your cadets' small items in bags makes it easier for them at camp to find things. It also makes an inspection and clean-up after they do a seabag check quick and easy. Here are a few items to get you started. Label the zip locks with your last name. 1. Put all white socks in one ziplock bag. 2. Put black socks in one ziplock bag. 3. Put underwear in one ziplock bag. 4. Put PT shirt and shorts in one bag per set. 5. Put white t-shirts in one ziplock bag. Garment Bag An all black garment bag is nice to have when attending trainings. It doesn't have to be fancy just something to keep the dress uniforms from being scrunched up in the sea bag. This is like a secret weapon. It isn't on the sea bag lists but you can bring it. Blanket here is a link for the blanket you'll need for training if it is required. No-sew Name Tags (optional) You can order no sew labels for your blue shirts, pt gear and covers. These are also just a suggestion. You don't have to get the labels but you do need to label your clothes with your LAST NAME and FIRST INITIAL and LAST FOUR OF SS#. Label inside the collar of your shirt (as in on the collar, not the shirt or it will bleed through). Be VERY careful on the dixie cup. There is a tag on the inside of the covers you should label them there. NEVER USE A SHARPIE ON A DIXIE CUP.

11 General Orders of a Sentry

You will be required to learn the Eleven General Orders of a Sentry and may be asked at any time to recite one or all in any order. Take the time to learn them inside and out. Click this link to view a Quizlet that will help you memorize the 11 Orders of a Sentry. 11 General Orders of a Sentry 1. To take charge of this post and all government property in view 2. To walk my post in a military manner, keeping always on the alert, and observing everything that takes place within sight or hearing. 3. To report all violations of orders I am instructed to enforce. 4. To repeat all calls from posts more distant from the guard house than my own. 5. To quit my post only when properly relieved. 6. To receive, obey and pass on to the sentry who relieves me, all orders from the Commanding Officer, Command Duty Officer, Officer of the Deck, and Officers and Petty Officers of the Watch only. 7. To talk to no one except in the line of duty. 8. To give the alarm in case of fire or disorder. 9. To call the Officer of the Deck in any case not covered by instructions. 10. To salute all officers, and all colors, and standards not cased. 11. To be especially watchful at night, and, during the time for challenging, to challenge all persons on or near my post and to allow no one to pass without proper authority.

The Sea Cadet Oath

I promise to serve God, honor our flag, abide by the Naval Sea Cadet Corps Regulations, and to carry out the orders of the officers appointed over me, and so conduct myself as to be a credit to myself, my unit, the Naval Sea Cadet Corps, the Navy, the Coast Guard, and my country.

The Sailor's Creed

I am a United States Sailor. I will support and defend the Constitution of the United States of America and I will obey the orders of those appointed over me. I represent the fighting spirit of the Navy and those who have gone before me to defend freedom and democracy around the world. I proudly serve my country's Navy combat team with Honor, Courage and Commitment. I am committed to excellence and the fair treatment of all.

The CO's "Top Six" Orders of Conduct

Successful Recruits Follow Really High Standards 1. No Sexual Harassment 2. No Racial Discrimination 3. No Fraternization 4. No Recruit-to-Recruit Contact 5. No Hazing (Even if the person agrees to it) 6. No Substance Abuse (Includes all Over-the-Counter Meds)

Navy Fight Song - Anchor's Aweigh

[Verse 1]
Stand Navy out to sea,
Fight our battle cry;
We'll never change our course,
So vicious foe steer shy-y-y-y.
Roll out the TNT,
Anchors Aweigh.
Sail on to victory
And sink their bones to Davy Jones, hooray!
[Verse 2]
Anchors Aweigh, my boys,
Anchors Aweigh.
Farewell to foreign shores,
We sail at break of day-ay-ay-ay.
Through our last night ashore,
Drink to the foam,
Until we meet once more.
Here's wishing you a happy voyage home. [Verse 3]
Blue of the mighty deep:
Gold of God's great sun.
Let these our colors be
Till all of time be done, done, done, done.
On seven seas we learn
Navy's stern call:
Faith, courage, service true,
With honor, over honor, over all. To hear the tune and learn the song, click this link for a YouTube Kareoke video.

History of Nautical Terms

<h4 style="line-height:1" class="font_4"> </h4> Above Board
The term today means someone who is honest, forthright. It's origin comes from the days when pirates would masquerade as honest merchantmen, hiding most of their crew behind the bulwark (side of the ship on the upper deck). They hid below the boards.

This old traditional greeting for hailing other vessels was originally a Viking battle cry.

Between the Devil and the Deep
In wooden ships, the "devil" was the longest seam of the ship. It ran from the bow to the stern. When at sea and the "devil" had to be caulked, the sailor sat in a bo'sun's chair to do so. He was suspended between the "devil" and the sea — the "deep" — a very precarious position, especially when the ship was underway.

Chewing the Fat
"God made the vittles but the devil made the cook," was a popular saying used by seafaring men in the 19th century when salted beef was staple diet aboard ship.

This tough cured beef, suitable only for long voyages when nothing else was cheap or would keep as well (remember, there was no refrigeration), required prolonged chewing to make it edible. Men often chewed one chunk for hours, just as it were chewing gum and referred to this practice as "chewing the fat."

Crow's Nest
The raven, or crow, was an essential part of the Vikings' navigation equipment. These land-lubbing birds were carried on aboard to help the ship's navigator determine where the closest land lay when weather prevented sighting the shore. In cases of poor visibility, a crow was released and the navigator plotted a course corresponding to the bird's flight path because the crow invariably headed towards land.

The Norsemen carried the birds in a cage secured to the top of the mast. Later on, as ships grew and the lookout stood his watch in a tub located high on the main mast, the name "crow's nest" was given to this tub. While today's Navy still uses lookouts in addition to radars, etc., the crow's nest is a thing of the past.

Cup of Joe
Josephus Daniels (18 May 1862-15 January 1948) was appointed Secretary of the Navy by President Woodrow Wilson in 1913. Among his reforms of the Navy were inaugurating the practice of making 100 Sailors from the Fleet eligible for entrance into the Naval Academy, the introduction of women into the service, and the abolishment of the officers' wine mess. From that time on, the strongest drink aboard Navy ships could only be coffee and over the years, a cup of coffee became known as "a cup of Joe".

Devil to Pay
Today the expression "devil to pay" is used primarily to describe having an unpleasant result from some action that has been taken, as in someone has done something they shouldn't have and, as a result, "there will be the devil to pay." Originally, this expression described one of the unpleasant tasks aboard a wooden ship.

The "devil" was the wooden ship's longest seam in the hull. Caulking was done with "pay" or pitch (a kind of tar). The task of "paying the devil" (caulking the longest seam) by squatting in the bilges was despised by every seaman.

Eight Bells
Aboard Navy ships, bells are struck to designate the hours of being on watch. Each watch is four hours in length. One bell is struck after the first half-hour has passed, two bells after one hour has passed, three bells after an hour and a half, four bells after two hours, and so forth up to eight bells are struck at the completion of the four hours. Completing a watch with no incidents to report was "Eight bells and all is well."

The practice of using bells stems from the days of the sailing ships. Sailors couldn't afford to have their own time pieces and relied on the ship's bells to tell time. The ship's boy kept time by using a half-hour glass. Each time the sand ran out, he would turn the glass over and ring the appropriate number of bells.

Fathom was originally a land measuring term derived from the Ango-Saxon word "faetm" meaning to embrace. In those days, most measurements were based on average size of parts of the body, such as the hand (horses are still measured this way) or the foot (that's why 12 inches are so named). A fathom is the average distance from fingertip to fingertip of the outstretched arms of a man — about six feet. Since a man stretches out his arms to embrace his sweetheart, Britain's Parliament declared that distance be called a "fathom" and it be a unit of measure. A fathom remains six feet. The word was also used to describe taking the measure or "to fathom" something. Today, of course, when one is trying to figure something out, they are trying to "fathom" it.

Feeling Blue
If you are sad and describe yourself as "feeling blue," you are using a phrase coined from a custom among many old deepwater sailing ships. If the ship lost the captain or any of the officers during its voyage, she would fly blue flags and have a blue band painted along her entire hull when returning to home port.

The appropriate pronunciation for this word is fo'ksul. The forecastle is the forward part of the main deck. It derives its name from the days of Viking galleys when wooden castles were built on the forward and after parts the main deck from which archers and other fighting men could shoot arrows and throw spears, rocks, etc.

The galley is the kitchen of the ship. The best explanation as to its origin is that it is a corruption of "gallery". Ancient sailors cooked their meals on a brick or stone gallery laid amidships.

Gun Salutes
Gun salutes were first fired as an act of good faith. In the days when it took so long to reload a gun, it was a proof of friendly intention when the ship's cannon were discharged upon entering port.

The "head" aboard a Navy ship is the bathroom. The term comes from the days of sailing ships when the place for the crew to relieve themselves was all the way forward on either side of the bowsprit, the integral part of the hull to which the figurehead was fastened.

He Knows the Ropes
In the very early days, this phrase was written on a seaman's discharge to indicate that he was still a novice. All he knew about being a sailor was just the names and uses of the principal ropes (lines). Today, this same phrase means the opposite — that the person fully knows and understands the operation (usually of the organization).

The last Navy ships with teak decks were the battleships, now since decommissioned. Teak, and other wooden decks, were scrubbed with a piece of sandstone, nicknamed at one time by an anonymous witty sailor as the "holystone." It was so named because since its use always brought a man to his knees, it must be holy! However, holystones were banned by the Navy by General Order Number 215 of 5 March 1931 because they wore down the expensive teak decks too fast.

The term meaning everything is O.K. was coined from a street named "Honki-Dori" in Yokohama, Japan. Since the inhabitants of this street catered to the pleasures of sailors, it is easy to understand why the street's name became synonymous for anything that is enjoyable or at least satisfactory. And, the logical follow-on is "Okey-dokey."

Today it means to be dull or without pep. It comes from the days of sail when a ship was becalmed and rode on an even keel .... without the port or starbord list experienced under a good breeze. No wind, no list; no list, lifeless.

Log Book
In the early days of sailing ships, the ship's records were written on shingles cut from logs. These shingles were hinged and opened like a book. The record was called the "log book." Later on, when paper was readily available and bound into books, the record maintained it name.

Long Shot
Today it's a gambling term for an event that would take an inordinate amount of luck. It's origins are nautical. Because ships' guns in early days were very inaccurate except at close quarters, it was an extremely lucky shot that would find its target from any great distance.

"Mayday" is the internationally recognized voice radio signal for ships and people in serious trouble at sea. Made official in 1948, it is an anglicizing of the French m'aidez, "help me".

No Quarter
"No quarter given" means that one gives his opponent no opportunity to surrender. It stems from the old custom by which officers, upon surrender, could ransom themselves by paying one quarter of a year's pay.

Pea Coat
Sailors who have to endure pea-soup weather often don their pea coats but the coat's name isn't derived from the weather. The heavy topcoat worn in cold, miserable weather by seafaring men was once tailored from pilot cloth — a heavy, course, stout kind of twilled blue cloth with the nap on one side. The cloth was sometimes called P-cloth for the initial letter of "pilot" and the garment made from it was called a p-jacket — later, a pea coat. The term has been used since 1723 to denote coats made from that cloth.

Port holes
The word "port hole" originated during the reign of Henry VI of England (1485). King Henry insisted on mounting guns too large for his ship and the traditional methods of securing these weapons on the forecastle and aftcastle could not be used.

A French shipbuilder named James Baker was commissioned to solve the problem. He put small doors in the side of the ship and mounted the cannon inside the ship. These doors protected the cannon from weather and were opened when the cannon were to be used. The French word for "door" is "porte" which was later Anglicized to "port" and later went on to mean any opening in the ship's side, whether for cannon or not.

The origin of the word "scuttlebutt," which is nautical parlance for a rumor, comes from a combination of "scuttle" — to make a hole in the ship's hull and thereby causing her to sink —- and "butt" — a cask or hogshead used in the days of wooden ships to hold drinking water. The cask from which the ship's crew took their drinking water — like a water fountain — was the "scuttlebutt". Even in today's Navy a drinking fountain is referred to as such. But, since the crew used to congregate around the "scuttlebutt", that is where the rumors about the ship or voyage would begin. Thus, then and now, rumors are talk from the "scuttlebutt" or just "scuttlebutt".

Contrary to popular notion, the letters S.O.S. do not stand for "Save Our Ship" or "Save Our Souls". They were selected to indicate a distress because, in Morse code, these letters and their combination create an unmistakable sound pattern.

Splice the Main Brace
In the age of sail, ship's rigging was a favorite target during sea battles because destroying the opponent's ability to maneuver or get away would put you at obvious advantage. Therefore, the first and most important task after a battle was to repair damaged rigging (also known as lines- but never "rope"!). Examples of lines include braces (lines that adjust the angle at which a sail is set in relation to the wind) and stays (lines supporting the masts).

The main brace was the principal line controlling the rotation of the main sail. Splicing this line was one of the most difficult chores aboard ship, and one on which the ship's safety depended. It was the custom, after the main brace was properly spliced, to serve grog to the entire crew. Thus, today, after a hard day (or, not so hard day), the phrase has become an invitation to have a drink.

The Vikings called the side of their ship its board, and they placed the steering oar, the "star" on the right side of the ship, thus that side became known as the "star board." It's been that way ever since. And, because the oar was in the right side, the ship was tied to the dock at the left side. This was known as the loading side or "larboard". Later, it was decided that "larboard" and "starboard" were too similar, especially when trying to be heard over the roar of a heavy sea, so the phrase became the "side at which you tied up to in port" or the "port" side.

Taken Aback
One of the hazards faced in days of sailing ships has been incorporated into English to describe someone who has been jolted by unpleasant news. We say that person has been "taken aback." The person is at a momentary loss; unable to act or even to speak. A danger faced by sailing ships was for a sudden shift in wind to come up (from a sudden squall), blowing the sails back against the masts, putting the ship in grave danger of having the masts break off and rendering the ship totally helpless. The ship was taken aback.

Three Mile Limit
The original three-mile limit was the recognized distance from a nation's shore over which that nation had jurisdiction. This border of international waters or the "high seas" was established because, at the time this international law was established, three miles was the longest range of any nation's most powerful guns, and therefore, the limit from shore batteries at which they could enforce their laws. (International law and the 1988 Territorial Sea Proclamation established the "high seas" border at the 12-mile limit.)

Three Sheets to the Wind
We use the term "three sheets to the wind" to describe someone who has too much to drink. As such, they are often bedraggled with perhaps shirttails out, clothes a mess. The reference is to a sailing ship in disarray, that is with sheets (lines — not "ropes" — that adjust the angle at which a sail is set in relation to the wind ) flapping loosely in the breeze.

Took the wind out of his sails
Often we use "took the wind out of his sails" to describe getting the best of an opponent in an argument. Originally it described a battle maneuver of sailing ships. One ship would pass close to its adversary and on its windward side. The ship and sails would block the wind from the second vessel, causing it to lose headway. Losing motion meant losing maneuverability and the ability to carry on a fight.

When the French burned the town of Brighton, England, in the 1500s, King Henry VIII send Admiral Wallop to retaliate and teach the French a lesson. He so thoroughly wrecked the French coasts, that ever since, a devestating blow is said to be an "awful wallop."

Traditionally, a 24-hour day is divided into seven watches. These are: midnight to 4 a.m. [0000-0400], the mid-watch; 4 to 8 a.m. [0400-0800], morning watch; 8 a.m. to noon [0800-1200], forenoon watch; noon to 4 p.m. [1200-1600], afternoon watch; 4 to 6 p.m. [1600-1800] first dog watch; 6 to 8 p.m. [1800-2000], second dog watch; and, 8 p.m. to midnight [2000-2400], evening watch. The half hours of the watch are marked by the striking the bell an appropriate number of times.

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